Diabetes can cause a variety of complications over time, many of which can be fatal if not recognized and treated early. Diabetes patients frequently experience foot difficulties.
In general, you can reduce your risk of diabetes-related complications by maintaining a healthy blood sugar level and visiting your doctor for frequent checks. You can also reduce your chances of acquiring foot problems by frequently inspecting your feet. If problems do arise, you will be more likely to recognize them quickly away and receive appropriate treatment. Building appropriate foot care habits may require time and effort, but it is an important element of diabetes control.
Approximately half of all diabetics have some form of nerve injury. Nerve damage can occur in any part of the body, but nerves in the feet and legs are the most commonly afflicted. You may lose feeling in your feet as a result of nerve injury.
Diabetes, if not well managed, can lead to foot issues over time. You are more likely to have foot problems if you have:
A previous foot ulcer
Damage to the nerves
Deformities of the feet
Diabetes causes nerve degeneration, which makes it difficult to detect sores or cracks in the foot. If you can't see all of your feet clearly, place a mirror on the floor or contact a friend or relative for assistance.
Every day, wash your feet with warm (not hot) water. Avoid soaking your feet. Apply lotion to the top and bottom of your feet, but not between your toes, since this could lead to infection.
Do not walk barefoot!
Never walk around barefoot. To avoid harm, always wear shoes and socks or slippers inside. Check for pebbles or other foreign objects within your shoes and that the lining is smooth.
Trim your toes with care
Regular toenail trimming can help avoid ingrown toenails, which can lead to infections. Trim your nails straight across with a nail clipper, avoiding rounding the corners or digging into the edges of the nail.
Wear proper footwear
It is critical for foot health to wear shoes that fit properly. Shoes that are too little or too large can create blisters or sores, while shoes that are too large can cause friction and rubbing. When shopping for shoes, leave at least a half-inch between your longest toe and the end of the shoe, and choose shoes made of breathable fabrics.
In addition to these suggestions, there are certain strategies that can help diabetics with at-home foot care.
Smooth rough skin with a pumice stone or a foot file, but avoid using sharp tools or blades, which can cause cuts and infections.
When seated, elevate your feet to assist minimize edema and promote circulation.
Wear cotton or moisture-wicking socks to keep your feet dry and blister-free.
Allow your shoes to air out and prevent moisture buildup by rotating them.
To soften and moisturize dry, cracked skin, apply urea-containing foot cream.
To absorb moisture and avoid smells, apply foot powder.
Consider utilizing a foot soak to relieve aching feet and boost circulation.
If you have any foot problems or concerns, please seek counsel from your doctor or a foot doctor.
Diabetes necessitates continual control and attention to your health, but with proper care, you can avoid foot problems and preserve healthy feet. You can take charge of your foot health and lower your risk of diabetes problems by using these at-home foot care techniques and tactics.
Always inspect your feet frequently, wear correctly fitted shoes, and seek medical assistance if you have any problems or concerns. You can keep your feet healthy and powerful for years to come if you follow these steps.