The damaged portion of the hip joint is removed during hip replacement surgery and is then replaced with an artificial joint or prosthesis. Patients who experience significant hip pain, stiffness, and limited mobility that interferes with their daily activities and quality of life are often candidates for this type of surgery. Everything you need to know about complete hip replacement surgery will be covered in this article
For individuals with significant hip pain and stiffness, total hip replacement surgery is a safe and effective therapy option. You may set yourself up for a favorable outcome by being aware of the operation process, the healing phase, and any risks and problems. If you're thinking about getting a hip replacement, speak with your doctor to go through your alternatives and see whether this is the best course of action for you.
Preparation for Surgery
Your doctor will review your medical history and do a physical examination before to the operation to assess your general health and the degree of hip joint damage. For the purpose of determining your bone density, blood coagulation, and any underlying medical conditions, you might also need to undertake further tests, such as X-rays, MRIs, or blood testing. In addition, your doctor will give you advice on how to be ready for the procedure, which may include quitting smoking, taking certain drugs or supplements, and keeping a healthy weight.
Under general anesthesia, total hip replacement surgery typically takes 1-2 hours to complete. In order to reach the injured joint during the treatment, the surgeon will create an incision close to your hip joint. The femur bone and hip socket will then be replaced with an artificial joint comprised of metal, plastic, or ceramic parts after the diseased cartilage and bone have been removed.
After the treatment, you will be sent to a recovery room where you will be closely monitored for any problems. You might need to stay in the hospital for a few days or perhaps a week, depending on how fast you recover. Throughout your hospital stay, you will get pain medication and physical therapy to help you regain strength and mobility.
You must follow a strict rehabilitation schedule after being discharged from the hospital, which includes regular exercise, walking, and stretching. You might also need to use mobility aids like crutches or a walker. Your doctor will provide you with specific instructions on how to care for the region surrounding your incision, manage your discomfort, and prevent any issues.
Risks and Complications
Whole hip replacement surgery has several risks and potential problems, including blood clots, infection, hemorrhage, nerve injury, and dislocation of the new joint, much like any surgical operation. These hazards are minimal, though, and the majority of patients report excellent post-operative pain alleviation and increased mobility.
Complete hip replacement surgery may dramatically enhance your quality of life and restore your mobility. It is a very successful and safe technique. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons reports that more than 95% of hip replacement operations are successful and that the majority of patients have long-term pain alleviation and increased hip joint performance.