Our fingers and toes are extremely sensitive. Sensory neurons that cause pain feelings in the brain congregate around the fingers. The intricate anatomical structure of our hands and feet, with numerous joints, tendons, and ligaments packed closely together, provides us with a keen sense of touch and allows us to perform precise motions. Our hands attract attention, especially when employed for gesture communication. Our feet are crucial to our balance and movement. That is why psoriatic disease has such a large impact when it affects the hands and feet.
Causes of Psoriasis on Hands and Feet
Although the precise etiology of psoriasis is unknown, it is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. The immune system erroneously assaults healthy skin cells in psoriasis, causing them to multiply excessively and collect on the skin's surface. This causes the development of thick, red, scaly areas that can be irritating and uncomfortable.
Psoriasis Symptoms on the Hands and Feet
Psoriasis on the hands and feet can manifest in a variety of forms, including:
Spots of red and scaly skin
Psoriasis in the hands and feet usually appears as red, scaly spots on the skin. These spots can be irritating and unpleasant, as well as cracking and bleeding.
Thickened or Pitted Nails
Psoriasis can result in changes to the nails such as thickness, pitting, or detachment from the nail bed.
Swelling and pain in the joints
Psoriasis on the hands and feet can cause joint discomfort, stiffness, and edema.
Burning or Itching Sensations
Psoriasis on the hands and feet can cause burning or itching, particularly during flare-ups.
Treatment Options for Psoriasis on Hands and Feet
While there is no cure for psoriasis, there are several treatment options that can help regulate symptoms and reduce the frequency and severity of flare-ups. Some of the most common treatments for psoriasis on the hands and feet are as follows:
Corticosteroids, retinoids, and vitamin D analogs can be used topically to decrease inflammation and improve the look of psoriasis patches on the hands and feet.
Phototherapy, often known as light therapy, employs UV radiation to limit skin cell proliferation and reduce inflammation. This therapy can help with psoriasis on the hands and feet.
In addition to moisturizers, gentle soaps, and soap alternatives, your doctor may advise you to use the following:
- Coal tar lotions, gels, and ointments are used to halt skin development and relieve itchy, irritated, or scaly skin.
- Salicylic acid is a peeling agent that softens or thins down thick scales.
- Corticosteroids are commonly used as lotions and ointments.
Changes in Lifestyle
Decreased stress, avoidance of triggers, and use of moisturizers can aid in the treatment of psoriasis on the hands and feet and reduce the frequency of flare-ups.