Hallux Valgus: what is it?

Hallux Valgus: what is it?

The feet support the weight of the body and endure heavy weights throughout life. That organ is undoubtedly the most sophisticated component of the locomotor system, along with the fist. The foot organ altered over evolutionary development and eventually adopted its current structure and composition, making it susceptible to loads encountered daily. The human foot is typically the most deformed finger, including the thumb and other fingers.

Humans are aware of Hallux valgus, also known as a knuckle on foot, as one of the most prevalent deformations of the front section of the feet and likely the most prevalent deformation of the entire musculoskeletal system today. It is a deformation of the thumb’s feet to the side, with the front half of the feet becoming sharper and the internal side roots of the thumb developing ill bone protrusions. Carl Heuter coined the term “hallux valgus,” which was first used in professional contexts in 1871 to characterize this distortion.

Increased angle between I. and II. bones foothills, bone outgrowths from the outside sides head I. bone foothills, irritated mucous bag above the bone itself growths with redness skin, and in the most severe cases and rheumatoid arthritis are all characteristics of hallux valgus (chuckles).

Deformed thumbs (knockers) are reported by women ten times more frequently than by men. It begins in youth and swiftly progresses due to increased conditions when wearing footwear. Ages 50 to 70 are when problems are most prevalent, and they frequently affect both sides of the body.

We separate IV-degree valgus hallux:

  • I degree (20 degrees) – the initial stage of hallux valgus
  • II degree of hallux valgus (30 degrees) – Thumb starts to cross over other fingers
  • III degree (50 degrees) – the thumb is positioned above or below another finger
  • IV degree (over 50 degrees) – The thumb is placed over all feet fingers, followed by the fingers, then the feet.


Hallux valgus is a common condition that is caused by static deformation, or reduced transverse vault feet, as well as various inflammatory disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, etc.), because of trauma, and it is least often when it is hereditary or genetic. It starts to show up during adolescence.

One of the factors contributing to the development of a valgus thumb is congenital or life-time greater mobility of the first metatarsal bones in the feet. In that situation, the first metatarsal, which is the lowest-lying bone in the front of the feet, rises and moves away from the other bones when under strain. That’s how the foot expands, a print emerges under the heads of the others and third metatarsal bones due to greater loads, and the front vault feet that make up the heads collapse.

Wearing inappropriate footwear is regarded the cause and proportions (high heel, narrow front part shoes and similar). The phenomena of Japanese deformations structures, which first arose — when people started wearing standard shoes of Western society, serves as the greatest illustration of how many shoes effect on making the deformation itself. By wearing heels, you put more weight on your feet up front, especially if you’re a longer person. What it is, whether they move around, and whether they are overweight. By collapsing the longitudinal part of his feet, his front part spreads out like fans, and fingers held in tight shoes are less mobile and more susceptible to approaching and deforming.

Weakening arm feet is caused by smaller mobility in the fingers, feet, and feet when wearing a narrow and cold outfit. Weakness in the muscles and connective tissue, in addition to increased and improperly directed load in the region of the feet, cause additional collapses of the front parts of structures, deformities of the thumb, and the development of sick growths (nodules) from the inner sides of the feet.
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