The very name fibromyalgia contains three basic characteristics - fibro = connective tissue, myo = muscle, algia = pain - and it means soreness of connective tissue and muscles. It is a special form of rheumatism, characterized by discomfort, diffuse pain and numerous painful points on the body. It can be manifested as joint stiffness, pain in the tissues around the joint, muscles, ligaments, tendon sheaths, subcutaneous tissue, while there are no signs of inflammation.
What exactly is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a common and complex disorder that leaves consequences on a physical, mental and social level. It is distinguished by broad pain across the body as well as other symptoms such as exhaustion, sleep problems, and mood abnormalities.
Usually, the cause of fibromyalgia is unknown. However, certain conditions can contribute to the development of the disorder. These include poor sleep, repetitive overexertion or injury. Mental stress can also contribute to its occurrence. However, stress in itself is not a problem. The problem is the way people react to stress.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Most people feel general weakness, stiffness and pain.
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic pain throughout the body and other various symptoms such as:
sensitivity to touch or pressure in the area of specific points on the body (neck, neck, shoulders, elbows, chest, hips, knees)
express fatigue and exhaustion (especially after a hard day or a sleepless night)
difficulty with memory and concentration
Rheumatic symptoms are present in 98 percent of patients. These symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Pain and a heightened sensitivity to pain are the primary symptoms, and both can be demonstrated by palpation or by applying light pressure with the fingers.
Fibromyalgia symptoms can vary in intensity, and their dynamics and overlap are constantly changing over time.
Fibromyalgia diagnosis might be difficult because there are no conclusive tests or signs for the disorder. To rule out other diseases and make a diagnosis, doctors may use a mix of physical exams, blood tests, and imaging scans.
Doctors consider a diagnosis of fibromyalgia in people who have diffuse pain for at least 3 months, especially when it is accompanied by various other physical symptoms such as fatigue. Pain is considered diffuse when people have pain on the left and right side of the body, above and below the waist, and in the upper spine, chest wall or mid-spine, and lower back.
Fibromyalgia sufferers report greater discomfort at lower pain thresholds. discomfort in other parts of the body is more prevalent, but research shows that many people with fibromyalgia also have discomfort in their feet.
Treatment options include:
Certain drugs can help treat fibromyalgia pain and other symptoms. Pain relievers, antidepressants, and seizure medications are examples of such medications.
CBT can help patients manage the emotional and psychological components of fibromyalgia, while physical therapy can help increase mobility and reduce discomfort.
Changes in lifestyle
Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and adopting stress-management skills can all help lessen fibromyalgia symptoms.
Living with Fibromyalgia
Create a support system.
Forming a support network of loved ones and medical professionals can help someone dealing with chronic pain feel less alone.
Self-care is essential.
When you have a chronic ailment, you must take care of yourself. This may involve getting enough sleep, eating a nutritious diet, and learning stress management techniques.
It has been shown that regular aerobic exercises contribute to reducing sensitivity to muscle pain and improve the quality of sleep, which is often disturbed in people with fibromyalgia. It is advisable to begin with lower to moderate intensity exercises and gradually increase the number of sets and/or length of the activities.