Do you have a bunion? Learn the signs, causes and what to do next

Do you have a bunion? Learn the signs, causes and what to do next

Millions of individuals all around the world struggle with bunions, a common foot issue. A bony growth at the base of the big toe called a bunion makes the toe point inward towards the other toes. It can hurt and be uncomfortable, especially while walking or wearing shoes. We'll go through the symptoms, causes, and next steps in this article if you think you could have a bunion.

Bunion Warning Signs

A noticeable lump at the base of the big toe is the most typical indication of a bunion. Yet, there are additional symptoms that may point to a bunion. They consist of:

  • Discomfort or pain in the region that is impacted
  • Around the big toe joint, there is a rash and swelling
  • On the toes or in between them, corns or calluses are developing.
  • Difficulty walking properly or moving the big toe
  • Deformities of the toes, such as underlapping or overlapping toes.

Causes of Bunions

Several factors can lead to bunions, including:

  1. Genetics

The fact that bunions can run in families suggests that a genetic factor may play a role in how they develop.

  1. Footwear

Toes can get bent and misaligned under the strain of shoes that are overly thin or tight.

  1. Foot injuries

A bunion may develop as a result of bone shifting brought on by injury to the foot or toe.

  1. Medical conditions

Bunions can become more likely to form in people who have certain medical disorders, such as arthritis or flat feet.

How to Proceed if You Think You May Have a Bunion

It's crucial to visit a doctor if you think you could have a bunion. A doctor can provide a diagnosis and suggest the best course of action. You can take certain actions in the interim to reduce symptoms and halt the bunion's growth.

  1. Wear comfortable footwear 

Choose footwear that fits comfortably and doesn't press on your toes. Avoid wearing high heels or pointed-toed footwear.

  1. Exercise your feet

Exercises that include stretching and strengthening can assist to increase foot and toe flexibility and stop additional harm.

  1. Apply ice 

Ice can be applied to the injured region to aid with pain relief and edema reduction.

  1. Use inserts or pads

Inserts or cushioning cushions can provide the afflicted region more cushioning and support.

  1. Taking painkillers

Acetaminophen or ibuprofen, both available over-the-counter, can help ease pain and discomfort.


Treatment for Bunions

Your doctor could suggest more “aggressive” treatment choices if your bunion is giving you a lot of pain or discomfort, like:

  • Custom orthotics

Custom-made shoe inserts can support the injured region and aid to shift pressure.

  • Physical therapy 

You can learn exercises from a physical therapist to increase the flexibility and strength of your foot and toes.

  • Bunion surgery 

Surgery could be required in extreme situations to remove the bunion and straighten the bones.

Bunions' prevention

Although there may be a hereditary component to bunions, there are actions you may do to lower your chance of getting them. They consist of:

  1. Selecting the proper footwear

To avoid strain on the toes, choose shoes with a wide toe box that fit comfortably.

  1. Avoiding high heels 

High heels place more pressure on the toes, which can make bunions more likely to form.

  1. Maintaining a healthy weight 

The risk of foot issues might increase when there is too much weight on the feet and toes.

  1. Practicing foot care 

To avoid ingrown toenails and other foot issues, keep your feet dry and clean and trim your toenails frequently.

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