Understanding Achilles Tendinitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Understanding Achilles Tendinitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Achilles tendinitis, an overuse injury affecting the Achilles tendon, is a common ailment among runners and weekend athletes alike. Here's what you need to know about this condition:


  • Pain: Typically starting as a dull ache in the back of the leg or above the heel after physical activity.
  • Tenderness: Often accompanied by stiffness, particularly in the morning, which tends to improve with light activity.
  • Severe Episodes: Intense pain may occur after prolonged running, stair climbing, or sprinting.

When to Seek Medical Attention:

  • Persistent Pain: Consult a doctor if you experience ongoing discomfort around the Achilles tendon.
  • Severe Symptoms: Seek emergency medical help if you encounter severe pain or inability to bear weight, as this could indicate an Achilles tendon rupture.


  • Overuse: Achilles tendinitis develops when the Achilles tendon undergoes repetitive or excessive strain, commonly seen in activities like running, jumping, or pushing off on toes.
  • Age-related Changes: Structural degradation of the Achilles tendon with age increases susceptibility to injury, especially among individuals who engage in sporadic sports or sudden increases in exercise intensity.


  • Gradual Progression: Increase activity levels slowly and steadily to allow tendons to adapt and strengthen gradually.
  • Adequate Warm-up: Prioritize warm-up exercises before engaging in strenuous activities to reduce strain on the Achilles tendon.
  • Proper Footwear: Choose shoes with adequate heel cushioning and arch support, replacing worn-out shoes promptly. Consider using arch supports or DrLuigi medical footwear for additional support.
  • Daily Stretching: Incorporate calf muscle and Achilles tendon stretches into your daily routine to maintain flexibility and prevent recurrence of Achilles tendinitis.
  • Strengthening Exercises: Focus on strengthening calf muscles to improve tendon resilience and endurance during physical activities.

By understanding the causes, symptoms, and preventive measures for Achilles tendinitis, individuals can take proactive steps to reduce the risk of injury and maintain foot health. Whether through gradual progression, proper footwear selection, or regular stretching and strengthening exercises, prioritizing tendon care can help prevent discomfort and promote overall well-being during physical activities.

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